Post-Foundational Discourse Theory in Humanities and Social Science Research
Department of Political and Economic Studies
Related Degree Programmes:
- Master’s Programme in Global Politics and Communication
- Master’s Programme in European and Nordic Studies
Advanced bachelor’s, master’s, and doctoral students. No prerequisites but previous studies in social sciences or humanities are recommended.
In these turbulent times, it is important to focus on the founding processes and foundations of our social and political existence. Many structures, identities and ideas we have taken for granted, from democracy and equality to the very idea of truth itself, have been contested over the last years. Through theoretical discussions and empirical examples, this course explores the ways in which post-foundational thought can be of use in the social sciences and humanities to tackle such phenomena. A focus on discourse and meaning-making is a contemporary megatrend within the social sciences and humanities. Within this larger trend, post-foundational discourse theory forms a critical framework through which to understand the political and contested nature of various phenomena. By shifting the focus from taking political, economic and social concepts at their face value to the ways in which meaning-making always takes place through contingent concepts, discourses and structures we inhabit, post-foundational discourse theory will provide the students a distinct and a productive perspective from which to approach their topics of interest. The course discusses different approaches to post-foundationalism and allows students to develop their own perspective within this emerging field.
The course will introduce to the students the basics of post-foundational discourse theory and selected related perspectives within the post-foundational tradition in social sciences and humanities. The students will be introduced to deconstruction, rhetoric, and psychoanalysis, particularly drawing on authors such as Jacques Derrida, Jacques Lacan, Ernesto Laclau, and Chantal Mouffe, as central to this tradition. The students will be able to establish the differences between these different approaches and authors’ work within the field of post-foundational theory, and assess their usefulness for particular research purposes. The broader aim of the course is to learn to engage in theoretical discussions within the social sciences and humanities and to connect these with empirical research within these fields. Through engagements with the teachers throughout the course, as well as work done on the group presentations, the course will also provide the students a chance to accumulate more in-depth knowledge on their chosen approach and topic as well as to gain valuable skills in preparing and commenting on academic presentations.
Course format and teaching methods
The course consists of lectures and workshops given by Finnish and international experts on post-foundational theory, keynote lectures by distinguished scholars, mini-conferences and panel discussions built around specific theoretical and topical (e.g., populism, economy, democracy) themes, excursions and social activities, as well as group work and final group presentations by the students. Participating doctoral students can present papers on their ongoing research in the mini-conferences.
During the course the main form of learning will be a lecture in the morning followed by a workshop in the afternoon by an expert on a specific approach within the post-foundational tradition, such as deconstruction, psychoanalysis, discourse theory or conceptual history. During the lecture the teacher will provide a general introduction to a particular strand of post-foundational tradition, situate it in relation to other theoretical approaches, and discuss its added value for the analysis of particular topics. The workshop in turn will focus on students’ reflections on the lecture and the reading materials assigned in relation to it, as well as on the ways in which they might learn more from their own topics through this approach.
Before the course begins in Helsinki, two pre-course assignments will be completed by the participants. They will write (i) a 500 word motivational letter introducing themselves and the topics of interest on which they would like to reflect upon within the context of the course; explain why they have chosen these topics and this course; and provide an overview of their previous knowledge of post-foundational theory. As the second pre-course assignment, the students will be provided with a compiled bibliography of post-foundational theory from which they will select a text to reflect upon in the form of (ii) a 500 word mini essay.
Based on these pre-course assignments, the students will be assigned to small thematic groups for group work and final presentations during the course. The groups will work on a presentation on a selected topic from a particular post-foundational perspective throughout the course and present it by the end of the course. They will be given feedback on the presentations by their peers and teachers from the course.
The students will also write individually short papers during the course on topics assigned by the organizers.
Means and criteria of assessment
Pass/fail based on participation during lectures, workshops, and other activities; individual assignments; and group work.