Greenhouse Technology in the Almeria Model


Program Description

  • Period: July 6 to 31, 2020
  • Number of teaching hours: 80
  • Coordinator: Diego Luis Valera Martínez
  • Knowledge area: Agroforestry Engineering - Plant Production129487_rsz_1abigail-lynn-9y8c_ydurya-unsplash.jpg


The "Almería Model" is based on Family Farming, it is a case of success and sharing of the wealth that they see from many parts of the world. It is sustainable, has an efficient management of supplies and natural resources, has an incomparable health with a widespread use of biological control and a boost of organic farming. In this course we will analyze your technology and profitability.

It is perfectly documented that the greenhouses in Almería have been the true engine of socioeconomic and demographic development of the province of Almería (Spain) for decades. The productions and their value reflect, campaign after campaign, being the central core of the provincial economy. In addition, the more than 31,000 has wintering annually produce 3.2 million tons of fruit and vegetables, generating 1.8 million euros; with a marked export character (80%), contributing the largest share to the international agri-food trade of Andalusia (Spain).

In the last years a continuous renovation of the greenhouses is taking place, in which the old structures are modified making them more resistant and wide. This improvement is being accompanied by an incessant incorporation of technology, highlighting the importance of climate control systems, fertirrigation, irrigation with desalinated seawater, landless crops and grafts; aspects that we will address in the Study Abroad.

The acquisition of heating equipment, cooling by evaporation of water or ventilation, pursue both the increase in yields and the quality of crops. Another objective is the extension of the period in which it is possible to grow inside the greenhouses, extending it practically throughout the year. There is no use these structural improvements and the incorporation of technology into the greenhouse if it is not accompanied by adequate training of the people who must manage these equipment; aspects that will be addressed in this course.


  1. Analyze the technology and profitability of the “Almeria Model”, as well as its export to other areas of the world that are likely to use greenhouses for temperate zones.
  2. Study the sustainable use for irrigation of desalinated sea water.
  3. Publicize the new advanced techniques in greenhouse technology.
  4. Analyze the master lines for the sustainability of the greenhouse agrosystem.
  5. Promote the knowledge, and therefore the correct use, of new developments in greenhouse engineering.



Module 1: Almería Model: technology and profitability

  • Origin of the greenhouses of Almería
  • Current situation of Almeria intensive horticulture
  • Crops
  • Soil management
  • Greenhouse structures
  • Climate control systems
  • Analysis of the technology and profitability of the greenhouses of Almería

Module 2: Optimum application of water and nutrients

  • Optimum application of water and nutrients at the plot level
  • Optimum use for irrigation of desalinated seawater
  • Irrigation water distribution networks
  • Advanced designs and optimization algorithms
  • Advanced techniques in soilless crops

Module 3: Production of greenhouse crops. The grafting of vegetables

  • Optimum greenhouse crop production
  • The grafting of vegetables in the seedlings of Almeria
  • Execution and management of grafted plants
  • Special seedlings for fruit and vegetable crops


The course has a marked practical nature and will be taught in Spanish. It will be carried out in the laboratories of the Universidad de Almería , but with an outstanding development in commercial greenhouses, seedbeds and various companies in the sector. The Experimental Farm Foundation Universidad de Almería -ANECOOP, farmers of reference of Almería, as well as various companies such as the VITALPLANT seedbed, BIOSABOR, CLISOL and the network of public-private partnerships with which the CIAIMBITAL Research Center will participate.

Theoretical-practical classes will be taught every week at the Universidad de Almería and greenhouses and reference companies for the sector will be visited.


Students must complete a work framed in one of the three large teaching modules of the course. There will also be a daily control of attendance and participation in the classes. Work and class attendance will be considered for evaluation. Therefore, we will use as evaluation systems:

  • Attendance and participation in class (40% of the final grade)
  • Work on the theme developed in one of the teaching blocks (60% of the final grade)
Last updated Mar 2020

About the School

The University of Almería, Spain, organizes summer courses each July since 2013. They are designed by the most prestigious experts of the leading-edge fields of our University and are taught by Doctor ... Read More

The University of Almería, Spain, organizes summer courses each July since 2013. They are designed by the most prestigious experts of the leading-edge fields of our University and are taught by Doctors and Full Professors of proven expertise and experience in their respective areas of knowledge. All courses have an eminently practical focus and include visits to industries and companies of the field. Read less