Spiritual geography of America exhibits a rich and deep, extraordinary density both for the variety of its original components as the results of their merger. That is why, if I had to highlight just one among the many features of such a profile it should be undoubtedly miscegenation: mixture of races, languages, mythologies; mixing of religions, philosophies, political systems, economic practices, social orders; mix of scientific and esoteric knowledge, technologies, gastronomy, arts and letters, architectures. Miscegenation of cultures.
This is an introductory course in art and architecture, especially designed for students from other academic areas so it is not necessary to have previous knowledge on the subject. In each class will try to learn to "read" the works and to understand through analysis behind what we see: how the work was generated, in that context was thought, what ideas represents, what is the personal story of its author and much more.
We will have a weekly 3-hour class is divided into two parts (with a coffee break of 15 minutes).
During the semester we will make two visits to museums, between the hours of class.
The evaluation system is structured in two midterms (multiple choice) and a final test that students undertake in the last two weeks of the course.
- 1. Pre-Columbian Mesoamerican cultures: Olmec, Teotihuacan, Zapotec, Mixtec, Maya, Toltec, Aztec.
- 2. Pre-Columbian Cultures in America Andina: Chavin, Nazca, Paracas, Tiahuanaco, Mochica, Chimu, Inca.
- 3. Colonial period: the Mexican Baroque (Mexico, Puebla, Oaxaca). Baroque Peru (Lima, Cusco, Arequipa) .The Brazilian Baroque (Salvador de Bahia, Rio de Janeiro, Minas Gerais).
- 4. The Colonial period: the Jesuit Missions (Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia and Paraguay)
- 5. The Republican period (1810-1880). The Italian influence.
- 6. Academism Architecture (1880-1930). French influence.
- 7. Architecture anti-academic (Art Nouveau and Modernism)
- 8. Neocolonial / Art Deco: a merger between Modernity and Identity
- 9. Modern Architecture (1930-1950): The Brazilian school (Lucio Costa, Oscar Niemeyer, Affonso Eduardo Reidy). Mexican School (Juan O'Gorman, Alvaro Obregon Santacilia, Luis Barragan). Venezuelan school (Carlos Raul Villanueva). The school Argentina (Buenos Aires and heterodox experience).
- 10. Modernity and Architecture of State (1930-1955). European history. Correlates Latin American (Argentina, Mexico, Brazil).
- 11. Modern Art: the construction of the Latin American identity. Mexico (Diego Rivera, David Alfaro Siqueiros, Jose Clemente Orozco, Frida Kahlo, Rufino Tamayo). Brazil (Tarsila do Amaral, Emiliano di Cavalcanti, Candido Portinari, Segall Lassar). Uruguay (Pedro Figari, Joaquín Torres García). Peru (José Sabogal, Enrique Camino Brent). Bolivia (Marina Núñez del Prado).
- 12. Modern Art in Argentina.
Teaching: Arq Fermin Labaqui (University of Buenos Aires)..